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update: 20 January 2011
 

Unterlagen zu den Auswirkungen von Windenergieanlagen auf Fledermäuse

Bat interacting with wind turbines (video clips)
Collision of vulture with windturbine (short ¦ long video)

Update from 20 January 2011 --> 132 Zitate:

Albrecht K & Grünfelder C. 2010. Fledermäuse für die Standortplanung von Windenergieanlagen erfassen. Natur und Landschaftsplanung 43, no. 1: 005-014.

Long, C. V., J. A. Flint, and P. A. Lepper. 2010. Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role? European Journal of Wildlife Research (September). doi:10.1007/s10344-010-0432-7.

Long, Chloe V, James A Flint, and Paul A Lepper. 2010. Wind turbines and bat mortality: Doppler shift profiles and ultrasonic bat-like pulse reflection from moving turbine blades. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 128, no. 4 (October): 2238-45. doi:10.1121/1.3479540.

Masden, Elizabeth A., Anthony D. Fox, Robert W. Furness, Rhys Bullman, and Daniel T. Haydon. 2010. Cumulative impact assessments and bird/wind farm interactions: Developing a conceptual framework. Environmental Impact Assessment. Review 30, no. 1 (January): 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2009.05.002.

Piorkowski, Martin D., and Timothy J. O'Connell. 2010. Spatial Pattern of Summer Bat Mortality from Collisions with Wind Turbines in Mixed-grass Prairie. The American Midland Naturalist 164, no. 2 (October): 260-269. doi:10.1674/0003-0031-164.2.260.

Rydell, J., L. Bach, Jo Dubourg-savage, M. Green, L. Rodrigues, and A. Hedenström. 2010. Bat mortality at wind turbines in northwestern Europe. Acta Chiropterologica 12, no. 2: 261–274. doi:10.3161/150811010X537846.

Rydell, Jens, Lothar Bach, Marie-Jo Dubourg-Savage, Martin Green, Luísa Rodrigues, and Anders Hedenström. 2010. Mortality of bats at wind turbines links to nocturnal insect migration? European Journal of Wildlife Research (October): 823-827. doi:10.1007/s10344-010-0444-3.

Update from 15 March 2010:
Collins, J., Jones, G. 2009. Differences in Bat Activity in Relation to Bat Detector Height: Implications for Bat Surveys at Proposed Windfarm Sites. Acta Chiropterologica, 11(2), 343-350. [Collins_ActChi2009.pdf]

Update from 1 January 2010:
Popa-Lisseanu, A.G., Voigt C. C. 2009. Bats on the move. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1283-1289 [Popa-[Lisseanu_JMam2009.pdf]

McGuire, L. P, Guglielmo, C. G. 2009. What can birds tell us about the migration physiology of bats? Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1290-1297 [McGuire_JMam2009.pdf]

Hedenström, A. 2009. Optimal migration strategies in bats. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1298-1309 [Hedenstroem_JMam2009.pdf]

Furmankiewicz, J., Kucharska, M. 2009. Migration of bats along a large river valley in southwestern Poland. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1310-131317 [Furmankiewicz_JMam2009.pdf]

Ahlén, I., Baagøe H. J., Bach, L. 2009. Behavior of scandinavian bats during migration and foraging at sea. Jouournal of Mammalogy 90(6):1318-1323 [Ahlén_JMam2009.pdf]

Holland, R. A., Wikelski, M. 2009. Studying the migratory behavior of individual bats: current techniques and future directions. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1324-1329 [Holland_JMam2009.pdf]

Cryan, P. M., Barclay, R. M. R. 2009. Causes of bat fatalities at wind turbines: hypotheses and predictions. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1330-1340 [Cryan_JMam2009.pdf]

Baerwald, E. F., Barclay R. M. R. 2009. Geographic variation in activity and fatality of migratory bats at wind energy facilities. Journal of Mammalogy 90(6):1341-1349 [Baerwald_JMam2009.pdf]

update from 1 November 2009:
Baerwald EF, Edworthy J, Holder M, Barclay RMR. 2009. A large-scale mitigation experiment to reduce bat fatalities at wind energy facilities. Journal of Wildlife Management 73(7):1077-1081.

Nicholls B, Racey PA. 2009. The Aversive Effect of Electromagnetic Radiation on Foraging Bats—A Possible Means of Discouraging Bats from Approaching Wind Turbines. PLoS ONE 4(7): e6246.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006246

Horn, J. W., E. B. Arnett, and T. H. Kunz. 2008. Behavioral responses of bats to operating wind turbines. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:123–132.

Nicholls B, Racey PA, 2007. Bats Avoid Radar Installations: Could Electromagnetic Fields Deter Bats from Colliding with Wind Turbines? PLoS ONE 2(3): e297. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000297

Barclay RMR, Baerwald EF & Gruver JC, 2007. Variation in bat and bird fatalities at wind energy facilities: assessing the effects of rotor size and tower height. Canadian Journal of Zoology DOI: 10.1139/Z07-011.

Wind Turbines and Bats: Guidelines for the planning process and impact assessments. Eurobats Resolution 5.6, ( September 2006). pdf.

Guidelines for assessing and minimizing impacts to bats at wind energy development sites in California. California Bat Working Group Guidelines, (September 2006). pdf.

Brinkmann, R, 2006. Auswirkungen von Winkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse - Ergebnisse aus dem Regierungsbezirk Freiburg mit einer Handlungsempfehlung für die Praxis. Regierungspräsidium Freiburg, pdf Broschüre.

Reynolds, DS, 2006. Monitoring the Potential Impact of A Wind Development Site on Bats in the Northeast. Journal of Wildlife Management. 70(5), 1219–1227.

Windkraftuntersuchungen von SWILD in Frankreich: hier.

Brinkmann, R, Schauer-Weisshahn, H & Bontadina, F, 2006. Untersuchungen zu möglichen betriebsbedingten Auswirkungen von Windkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse im Regierungsbezirk Freiburg. Unpubl. Mehr zum Forschungbericht im Auftrag des Regierungspräsidiums Freiburg, Freiburg, 66 Seiten.

 

Bats and wind energy

References of scientific publications and reports: 98 citations

compiled at 16 December 2008 / Fabio Bontadina & Salome Bänninger

Ahlén, I. 2002. Fladdermöss och fåglar dödade av vindkraftverk. Fauna och flora 97:3. 14-21 pp. [Ahlén_FauFlo2002.pdf]

Ahlén, I., Bach, L., Baagøe, H.J., Pettersson, J. 2007. Bats and offshore wind turbines studied in southern Scandinavia. Vindval Report 5571. 37 pp. [Ahlén_report2007.pdf]

Arnett, E.B. 2005. Relationship between bats and wind turbines in Pennsylvania and West Virginia: an assessment of fatality search protocols, patterns of fatality, and behavioral interactions with wind turbines. A final report submitted to the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative. Bat Conservation International. Austin, Texas. 187 pp. [Arnett_BCI2005.pdf]

Arnett, E. B., Hayes, J. P. & Huso, M. M. P. 2006. An evaluation of the use of acoustic monitoring to predict bat fatality at a proposed wind facility in southcentral Pennsylvania. An annual report submitted to the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative. Bat Conservation International. 46 pp. [Arnett_BCI2006.pdf]

Arnett, E. B., Huso, M. M. P., Reynolds, D. S. & Schirmacher, M. 2007. Patterns of pre-construction bat activity at a proposed wind facility in northwest Massachusetts. An annual report submitted to the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative. Bat Conservation International. 36 pp. [Arnett_BCI2007.pdf]

Arnett, E.B., Brown, W.K., Erickson, W.P., Fiedler, J.K., Hamilton, B.L., Henry, T.H., Jain, A., Johnson, G.D., Kerns, J., Koford, R.R., Nicholson, C.P., O'Connell, T.J., Piorkowski, M.D. & Tankersley, R.D. 2008. Patterns of Bat Fatalities at Wind Energy Facilities in North America. The Journal of Wildlife Management 72(1). 61-78 pp. [Arnett_JWilMan2008.pdf]

Koford, R. 2005. Avian mortality associated with the top of Iowa wind farm. Progress Report. 12 pp. [Koford_Report2005.pdf]

Bach, L., Brinkmann R., Limpens H., Rahmel U., Reichnbach M. & Roschen A. 1999. Bewertung und planerische Umsetzung von Fledermausdaten im Rahmen der Windkraftplanung. Bremer Beiträge für Naturkunde und Naturschutz. Band 4. 163 - 170 pp. [Bach_BreBeiNatNat1999.pdf]

BACH, L. 2001. Fledermäuse und Windenergienutzung - reale Probleme oder Einbildung? Vogelkdl. Ber. Niedersachs. 33. 119-124. [Bach_VogBerNie2001.pdf]

BACH, L. 2001. Auswirkungen von Windernergieanlagen auf das Verhalten und die Raumnutzung von Fledermäusen am Beispiel des Windparks "Hohe Geest", Midlum. Endbericht. 46 pp. [Bach_Report2002.pdf]

BACH, L. 2003. Effekte von Windenergieanlagen auf Fledermäuse. Sächsische Landesstiftung Natur und Umwelt - Tagungsband auf CD. [Bach_2003.pdf]

Bach, L. & Rahmel, U. 2004. Überblick zu Auswirkungen von Windkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse - eine Konfliktabschätzung. SUMMARY OF WIND TURBINE IMPACTS ON BATS - ASSESSMENT OF A CONFLICT. Bremer Beiträge für Naturkunde und Naturschutz. Volume 7. 245-252. [Bach_BreBeiNatNat2004.pdf, Bach_BreBeiNatNat2004_e.pdf]

Baerwald, E.F., D'Amours, G.H., Klug, B.J. & Barclay, R.M.R. 2008. Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines. Current Biology Vol 18 No 16. 10 pp. [Baerwald_CurBio2008.pdf]

Barclay RMR, Baerwald EF & Gruver JC, 2007. Variation in bat and bird fatalities at wind energy facilities: assessing the effects of rotor size and tower height. Canadian Journal of Zoology DOI: 10.1139/Z07-011. [Barclay_CanJZoo2007.pdf]

Bonelles, A. & Puechmaille, S. 2005. Etude des émissions d'uttrasons par les chauves-souris en altitude. Evaluations dans le cadre d'un projet d'implantation d'écliennes. 19 pp. [Bonelles_Report2005.pdf]

Brinkmann, R. & Schauer-Weisshahn, H. 2002. Welche Auswirkungen haben Windenergieanlagen auf Fledermäuse? Der Flattermann. 14(2). 31-32 pp. [Brinkmann_Fla2002.pdf]

Brinkmann, R. 2003. Welchen Einfluss haben Windkraftanlagen auf jagende und wandernde Fledermäuse in Baden-Würtemberg? Tagungsführer der Akademie für Natur- und Umweltschutz Baden-Würtemberg. Heft 17. [Brinkmann_TagAkaNatUmwBad2003.pdf]

Brinkmann, R., Mayer, K., Kretzschmar, F. & von Witzleben, J. 2006. Auswirkungen von Windkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse. Ergebnisse aus dem Regierungsbezirk Freiburg mit einer Handlungsempfehlung für die Praxis. Regierungspräsidium Freiburg. Broschüre. 20 pp. http://www.rp.baden-wuerttemberg.de/servlet/PB/show/1196025/rpf-ref56-windkraft.pdf [Brinkmann_Bro2006.pdf]

Brinkmann, R. 2006. Auswirkungen von Windkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse. Naturschutz-Info 2/2006 & 3/2006. Fachdienst Naturschutz. LUBW Landesanstalt für Umwelt, Messungen und Naturschutz Baden-Württemberg. 116 pp. [Brinkmann_NSI2006.pdf]

Brinkmann, R., Schauer-Weisshahn, H. & Bontadina, F. 2006. Untersuchungen zu möglichen betriebsbedingten Auswirkungen von Windkraftanlagen auf Fledermäuse im Regierungsbezirk Freiburg. - Survey of possible operational impacts on bats by wind facilities in Southern Germany. Administrative District of Freiburg. Bericht für das Regierungspräsidium Freiburg. 66 pp. http://www.rp.baden-wuerttemberg.de/servlet/PB/show/1158478/rpf-windkraft-fledermaeuse.pdf [Brinkmann_Report2006.pdf]

Brinkmann, R. Schauer-Weisshahn, H. & Bontadina, F. 2006.- Department 56 Conservation and Landscape Management. 63 pp. [Brinkmann_Report2006_e.pdf]

Crawford, R.L. & Baker, W.W. 1981. Bats killed at a north Florida television tower: A 25-year record. Journal of Mammalogy 62 (3). 651-652 pp. [Crawford_JMam1981.pdf]

Cryan, P.M. 2008. Mating Behavior as a Possible Cause of Bat Fatalities at Wind Turbines. The Journal of Wildlife Management 72(3). 845-849 pp. [Cyran_JWilMan2008.pdf]

Devos, S., Raevel, P., Govaere, A., Vaillant, J.C. & Devos, R. 2005. Nouvelles techniques d'investigation par radar des peuplements de chiroptères. Colloque Setra. Routes et Faune Sauvage. 5 pp. [Devos_SETRA2005.pdf]

Dürr, T. 2002. Fledermäuse als Opfer von Windkraftanlagen in Deutschland. Nyctalus, 8(2). 115-118 pp. [Dürr_Nyc2002.pdf]

Dürr, T. & Bach, L. 2004. Fledermäuse als Schlagopfer von Windenergieanlagen - Stand der Erfahrungen mit Einblick in die bundesweite Funkkartei. BAT DEATHS AND WIND TURBINES - A REVIEW OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE, AND OF THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE IN THE DATABASE FOR GERMANY. Bremer Beiträge für Naturkunde und Naturschutz. Volume 7. 253-264 pp. [Dürr_BreBeiNatNat2004.pdf, Dürr_BreBeiNatNat2004_e.pdf]

American society of mammologists. 2008. Effects of Wind-Energy Facilities on Bats and Other Wildlife. UNANIMOUS RESOLUTION. 4 pp. [AMS_Resolution2008.pdf]

Endel, P. 2004. Untersuchungen zum Verhalten von Fledermäusen und Vögeln an ausgewählten Windkraftanlagen Landkreis Bautzen, Kamenz, Löbau-Zittau, Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis, Stadt Görlitz Freistaat Sachsen. Auftraggeber: Staatliches Umweltfachamt Bautzen. 135 [Endel_Report2004.pdf]

Erickson, W.,Johnson, G., Young, D., Strickland, D.,Good, R., Bourassa M., Bay, K. & Karyn S. 2002. Synthesis and Comparison of Baseline Avian an Bat Use, Raptor Nesting and Mortality Information from Proposed and Existing Wind Developments. Avian and bat baseline data and mortality synthesis. West, Inc. 124 pp. [Erickson_AviBatBasDatMortSyn2002.pdf]

Erickson, W., Kronner, K. & Gritski B. 2003. Nine Canyon Wind Power Project. Avian and bat monitoring report. West, Inc. 32 pp. [Erickson_AviBatMonRep2003.pdf]

EUROBATS. 2006 Rodrigues, L., Bach, L., Biraschi, L., Dubourg-Savage, M.J., Goodwin, J., Harbusch, C., Hutson, T., Ivanova, T., Lutsar, L. & Parsons, K. 2006. Wind Turbines and Bats: guidelines for the planning process and impact assessments. 21 pp. [Eurobats_Guidelines2006.pdf]

EUROBATS. 2005. Report of the Intersessional Working Group on Wind Turbines and Bat Population. In: Eurobats. 10th Meeting of the Advisory Committee, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 25-27 April 2005. 21 pp. [Eurobats_Report2005.pdf]

Gruver, J.C. 2002. ASSESSMENT OF BAT COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND ROOSTING HABITAT PREFERENCES FOR THE HOARY BAT (LASIURUS CINEREUS) NEAR FOOTE CREEK RIM, WYOMING. Thesis. 164 pp. [Gruver_Thesis2002.pdf]

Hötker, H., Thomsen, K.M. & Köster, H. 2004. Auswirkung regenerativer Energiegewinnung auf die biologische Vielfalt am Beispiel der Vögel und der Fledermäuse. Endbericht. NABU. 80 pp. [Hötker_Report2004]

Johnson, G.D., Erickson, W.P., Strickland, M.D., Shepherd, M.F., & Shepherd, D.A. 2000. Avian Monitoring Studies at the Buffalo Ridge, Minnnesota Wind Resource Area: Results of a 4-year study, final report. West, Inc. 262 pp. [Johnson_WesIncFinRep2000.pdf]

Johnson, G.D. & Strickland, M.D. 2003. Biological assessment for the federally endangered Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis) and Virginia Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii virginiaus). NedPower Mount Storm Wind Project, Grant County, West Virginia. West, Inc. 47 pp. [Johnson_NedPowMouStoBat2003.pdf]

Johnson, G.D., W.P. Erickson, M.D. Strickland, M.F. Shepherd, D.A. Shepherd, and S.A. Sarappo. 2003. Mortality of bats at a large-scale wind power development at Buffalo Ridge, Minnesota. American Midland Naturalist 150:332-342. [Johnson_AmeMidNat2003a.pdf]

Johnson, G., Erickson W., White, J. & McKinney, R. 2003. Avian and Bat Mortality during the First Year of Operation at the Kondike Phase I Wind Project, Sherman County, Oregon, Draft. West, Inc. 17 pp. [Johnson_KloMonRep2003.pdf]

Johnson, G.D. & Strickland, M.D. 2004. An Assessment of potential Collision Mortality of Migrating Iniana Bats (Myotis sodalis) and Virginia Big-eared Bats (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus). NedPower Mount Storm Wind Project, Grant County, West Virginia. West, Inc. 23 pp. [Johnson_NedPowMouStoBat2004.pdf]

Kunz et al. 2007: Ecological impacts of wind energy development on bats: questions, research needs, and hypotheses. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5(6): 315-324. [Kunz_FroEcoEvo2007.pdf]

Kunz et al. 2007: Assessing Impacts of Wind-Energy Development on Nocturnally Active Birds and Bats: A Guidance Document. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(8):2449-2486. [Kunz_JWilMan2007.pdf]

Kusenbach, J. 2004. Abschlussbericht zum Werkvertrag "Erfassung von Fledermaus- und Vogeltotfunden unter Windenergieanlagen an ausgewählten Standorten in Thüringen". Koordinationsstelle für Fledermausschutz in Thüringen FMKOO. 30 pp. [Kusenbach_Report2004.pdf]

Lausen, C., Baerwald, E., Gruver, J. & Barclay R. 2006. Bats and Wind Turbines. Pre-siting and pre-construction survey protocols. Appendix 5. 7 pp. [Alberta_Guidelines2006.pdf]

Leuzinger, Y., 2007. Paysage et éoliennes, Analyse de l'intégration paysagère des Eoliennes sur le site de Mont-Crosin (BE). Rapport de Natura, biologie appliquée pour Juvent SA. 38 p. [ ]

Leuzinger, Y., Lugon, A. & Bontadina, F. 2008. Éolienne en Suisse - Mortalité de chauves-souris. Rapport inédit sur mandat de l'OFEV et l'OFEN, 37 pp. [Leuzinger_Report2008.pdf]

McCracken, G.F. 1996. Bats Aloft: A Study of High-Altitude Feeding. Bats Vol. 14 (3). 6-10 pp. [McCracken_Bats1996.pdf]

Menzel, J.M., Menzel, M.A., Kilgo, J.C., Ford, W.M., Edwards, J.W. & McCracken, G.F. 2005. Effect of habitat and foraging height on bat cativity in the costal plain of South Carolina. Journal of Wildlife Management 69 (1). 235-245 pp. [Menzel_JWilMan2005.pdf]

Nicholls B, Racey PA, 2007. Bats Avoid Radar Installations: Could Electromagnetic Fields Deter Bats from Colliding with Wind Turbines? PLoS ONE 2(3): e297. http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchArticle.action?articleURI=info:doi/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0000297 [Nicholls_PLOone2007.pdf]

NYS. 2008. GUIDELINES for CONDUCTING BIRD and BAT STUDIES at COMMERCIAL WIND ENERGY PROJECTS. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Environmental Permits and Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. 23 pp. [NYC_Guidelines2008.pdf]

O'Shea, T.J. & Bogan, M.A. 2003. Monitoring trends in bat population of the United States and territories : problems and prospects. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Discipline, Information and Technology Report. 274 pp. [O'Shea_Report2003.pdf]

Osborn, R.G., Higgins, K.F., Dieter C.D & Usgaard, R.E. 1996. Bat Collisions with Wind Turbines in Soutzwestern Minnnesota. Bat Research News 37 (4). [Osborn_BatResNew1996.pdf]

Rahmel, U., Bach, L., Brinkmann, R., Limpens, H. & Roschen, A. 2004. Windenergieanlagen und Fledermäuse - Hinweise zur Erfassungsmethodik und zu planerischen Aspekten. Bremer Beiträge für Naturkunde und Naturschutz. Volume 7. 265-271 pp. [Rahmel_BreBeiNatNat2004.pdf]

Reynolds, DS, 2006. Monitoring the Potential Impact of A Wind Development Site on Bats in the Northeast. Journal of Wildlife Management. 70(5), 1219-1227. [Reynolds_JWilMan2006.pdf]

Sattler, T. & Bontadina, F. (2005): Grundlagen zur ökologischen Bewertung von zwei Windkraftgebieten in Frankreich aufgrund der Diversität und Aktivität von Fledermäusen. Unveröffentlichter Kurzbericht. SWILD, Zürich im Auftrag von Megawatt Eole, Stuttgart, 23 Seiten. [Sattler_Report2005.pdf]

Sattler, T. & Bontadina, F. (2006): L'évaluation écologique de deux secteurs d'installations éoliens en France sur la base de la diversité et l'activité des chauves-souris. SWILD, Zürich mandat de Megawatt Eole, Stuttgart, 41 pages. [Sattler_Report2006.pdf]

Schmidt, E., Piaggio, A.J., Bock, C.E. & Armstrong, D.M. 2002. National Wind Technology Center Site Environmental Assessment: Bird and Bat Use and Tatalities - Final Report. National Renewable Energy Laoratory, NREL/SR-500-32981, 27pp. [Schmidt_NatRenEneLab2002.pdf]

Seiche, K., Endl, P. & Lein, M. 2008. Fledermäuse und Windenergieanlagen in Sachsen 2006. Sächsisches Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie. 62 pp. [Seiche_Report2008.pdf]

SFEPM 2006. RECOMMANDATIONS POUR UNE EXPERTISE CHIROPTEROLOGIQUE DANSLE CADRE D'UN PROJET EOLIEN. Version 31. Mai 2006. [France_Guidelines2006.pdf]

Spanjer, G. R. 2006. Responses of the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, to a proposed acoustic deterrent device in a lab setting. A report submitted to the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Bat Conservation International. 20 pp. [Spanjer_BCI2006.pdf]

Sterner, D. 2002. A Roadmap for PIER Research on Avian Collisions witz Wind Turbines in California. California Energy Commision, Commission State Report. 57 pp. [Sterner_ComStaRep2002pdf]

Tuttle, M.D. 2004. Wind Energy and the Threat to Bats. Bats 4. 22(2). [Tuttle_Bat2004.pdf].

Tuttle, M.D. 2005. Battered by Harsch Winds. Must bats pay the price for wind energy ? BATS. Bat Conservation International. Volume 23. No. 3. 7 pp. [Tuttle_BCI2005.pdf]

Ugoretz, S., Atwater, R., Fannucchi, W & Bartelt, G. 2000. Wind Power/Bird Interaction Studies in Wisconsin. [Ugoretz_Report2002.pdf]

U.S. Department of Energy 2002. Maiden Wind Farm Benton County Washington, Final SEPA Environmental Impact Statement and Final NEPA Environmental Impact Statement. 131 pp. [USDepEne_2002.pdf]

Williams, W. 2003. Alarming evidence of bat kills in eastern US. Windpower Monthly, Oct. 2003, 21-24. [Williams_WinMon2003.pdf]

Young, D.P., Erickson, W.P, Strickland, M.D., Good, R.E. & Sernka, K.J. 2003. Comparison of Avian Responses to UV-Light-Reflective Paint on Wind Turbines. Subcontractor Report. National Renewable Energy Laoratory, NREL/SR-500-32840, 67pp. [Young_NatRenEneLab2003.pdf]

Young, D.P., Erickson, W.P., Good, R.E., Strickland, M.D. & Johnson, G.D. 2003. Avian and Bat Mortality Associated with the Initial Phase of the Foote Creek Rim Windpower Project, Carbon County, Wyoming. West, Inc. 50 pp. [Young_WesInc2003.pdf]

2004. Konzept Windenergie Schweiz, Grundlagen für Standortwahl von Windparks. Bundesamt für Energie BFE, Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft BUWAL & Bundesamt für Raumentwicklung ARE. 34 pp.

2005. Etude des enjeux faunastiques et paysagers liés à l'installation de parcs éoliens en Beauce. IV-Recommandetions pour la conception de parcs éoliens. Institut d'Écologie Appliqée & Bureau d'études Laurent COUASNON. 181-190 pp. [Beauce_Report2005.pdf]

BCI. 2005. Wind Energy: A Lethal Crisis. Bat Conservation Times. A Bat Conservation International Inc. Publication. 2 pp. http://64.92.116.27/news2/scripts/article.asp?articleID=142&newsletterID=15. [BCI_2005.pdf]

Redell, D., E. B. Arnett, J. P. Hayes, and M. M. P. Huso. 2006. Patterns of pre-construction bat activity determined using acoustic monitoring at a proposed wind facility in south-central Wisconsin. A final report submitted to the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative. Bat Conservation International. Austin, Texas, USA. 53 pp. [Redell_BCI2006.pdf]

California Bat Working Group. 2006. GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING AND MINIMIZING IMPACTS TO BATS AT WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT SITES IN CALIFORNIA. 20 pp. [California_Guidelines2006.pdf]

2008. Resolution on Bats and Wind Energy Development. Wildlife. 2 pp. http://www.wind-watch.org/documents/resolution-on-bats-and-wind-energy-development/. [Canada_Resolution2008.pdf]

Birds and wind energy References of scientific publications and reports Anderson, G.Q.A., Fergusson, M.J. 2006. Energy from biomass in the UK: sources, processes and biodiversity implications. British Ornithologists'Union. Ibis 148. 180-183 pp. [Anderson_Ibi2006.pdf]

Chamberlain, D.E., Rehfisch, M.R., Fox, A.D., Desholm, M. & Anthony, S.J. 2006. The effect of avoidance rates on bird mortality predictions made by wind turbine collision risk models. British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 198-202 pp. [Chamberlain_Ibi2006.pdf]

Clark, N.A. 2006. Tidal Barrages and Birds. British Ornithologists'Union. Ibis 148. 152-157 pp. [Clark_Ibi2006.pdf]

Desholm, M. 2006. Wind farm related mortality among avian migrants - a remote sensing study and model analysis. PhD thesis. Dept. of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, NERI, and Dept. Of Population Biology, University of Copenhagen. National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark. 128 pp. [Desholm_Phd2006.pdf]

Desholm, M., Fox, A.D., Beasley, P.D.L. & Kahlert, J. 2006. Remote techniques for counting and estimating the number of bird-wind turbine collisions at sea: a review British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 76-89 pp. [Desholm_Ibi2006.pdf]

Drewitt, A.L., Langston, R.H.W. 2006. Assessing the impacts of wind farms on birds. British Ornithologists'Union. Ibis 148. 29-42 pp. [Drewitt_Ibi2006.pdf]

Devereux, C.L., Denny, M.J.H. & Wittingham M.J. 2008. Minimal effects of wind turbines on the distribution of wintering farmland birds. Journal of Applied Ecology 45. 1689-1694 pp. [Dvereux_JAppEco2008.pdf]

DULAC, P. 2008. Evaluation de l'impact du parc éolien de Bouin (Vendée) sur l'avifaune et les chauves-souris. Bilan de 5 années de suivi. Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux délégation Vendée / ADEME Pays de la Loire / Conseil Régional des Pays de la Loire, La Roche-sur-Yon - Nantes, 106 pp. [Dulac_report2008.pdf]

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Hötker, H., Thomsen, K.M. & Köster, H. 2004. Auswirkung regenerativer Energiegewinnung auf die biologische Vielfalt am Beispiel der Vögel und der Fledermäuse. Endbericht. NABU. 80 pp. [Hötker_Report2004.pdf]

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Kaiser, M.J., Galanidi, M., Showler, D.A., Elliott, A.J., Caldow, R.W.G., Rees, E.I.S., Stillman, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Distribution and behaviour of Common Scoter Melanitta nigra relative to prey resources and environmental parameters. British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 110-128 pp. [Kaiser_Ibi2006.pdf]

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Madders, M. & Whitfield, D.P. 2006. Upland raports and the assessment of wind farm impacts. British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 43-56 pp. [Madders_Ibi2006.pdf]

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Perrow, M.R., Skeate, E.R., Lines, P., Brown, D. & Tomlinson, M.K. 2006. Radio telemetry as a tool for impact assessment of wind farms: the case of Little Terns Sterna albifrons at Scroby Sands, Norfolk, UK. British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 57-75 pp. [Perrow_Ibi2006.pdf]

Sage, R., Cunningham, M. & Boatman, N. 2006. Birds in willow short rotation coppice compared to other arable crops in central England and a review of bird census data from energy crops in the UK. British Ornithologists' Union. Ibis 148. 184-197 pp. [Sage_Ibi2006.pdf]

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Wärmebild-Überwachung in Sachsen.